Kerosene consumption in the IGAD sub-region has increased steadily by an average of over 7% per annum since the mid-1980s. Governments have responded to growing urban demand, to concerns about the effects of urban energy demand on forests, and on equity concerns for the urban poor by increasing their imports of kerosene. Ethiopia now spends over US$ 20 million per annum on household kerosene compared to US$ 3 million in 1986.

Land-locked Uganda spends nearly US$ 10 million, while Kenya spends nearly US$ 40. In each case, imports represent a major drain on foreign exchange and have a significant effect on the balance of payments. These imports have positive effects on each country's forests and relieve the drudgery of cooking with charcoal and wood, but kerosene could be used more sustainably, and more sustainable solutions (e.g. battery charging, PV systems, micro-hydropower, etc.) could also be found for meeting energy demand.

Uses of Kerosene

For more information on potential uses of Kerosene, click here:


Return to Household Energy Options page