Biomass constitutes rural Africa's main energy supply. However, traditional and inefficient biomass uses, particularly woodfuel collection and burning, have become associated with woodfuel scarcity, deforestation and land degradation. By adopting efficient and sustainable bioenergy production, conversion and end-use technologies, rural Africa could secure and enhance its renewable energy base.

Biomass energy has a number of additional benefits, including the provision of modern energy forms to rural communities, improved land management, job creation and the reduction of carbon dioxide emissions.

Biomass Technology Services

EAA provides expertise in the three areas which are key to sustainable biomass planning and management:

Biomass production technologies
Biomass conversion technologies
Fuel-efficient end-use technologies

For more information on EAA's biomass services, contact Stephen Mutimba

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Biomass Production Technologies

An important way of improving rural energy supply is through better biomass production technologies and biomass/forest management.

EAA provides expertise in the following:

- Establishment of tree nurseries and tree planting
- Enrichment and management of natural woodlands and forests
- Development of commercial fuelwood plantations
- Non-wood biomass production and management strategies

CDM project: Tea industry switching to sustainable fuelwood use

For more information, contact Stephen Mutimba


Biomass Conversion Technologies

Much of the waste in biomass use arises from inefficient conversion processes. For example, traditional charcoal production results in a very high loss of energy during the kilning process.

EAA provides advice on:

- Efficient kilns
- Biogas
- Waste to fuel technologies
- Fuel briquettes
- Industrial use of biomass fuel


An efficient charcoal kiln

For more information, contact Stephen Mutimba


Fuel-Efficient End-Use Technologies

Using wood, charcoal and other biomass energies efficiently is crucial to decreasing the burden on the environment. For instance, introducing and commercialising better wood stoves has been important throughout Eastern and Southern Africa.

EAA is active in:

- Commercialisation of improved household and institutional stoves
- Promoting the sustainable and efficient use of woodfuel in industry (eg tea processing)
- Artisan training in improved stove manufacture
- Monitoring the effects of improved wood stove programmes on woodfuel supplies
Manufacturing improved stoves

For more information, contact Stephen Mutimba