╨╧рб▒с>■  68■   5                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                ье┴5@ Ё┐╖bjbj╧2╧2 "(нXнX╖      ИВВВВВВВЦ:::: FЦЫюffffffff$ЙR█ └@Вfffff@ВВffUЬЬЬf"ВfВfЬfЬJЬцВВцfZ Ё9O═oй┴:Ицk0ЫцЫ И Ы цЦЦВВВВЫ Вц ffЬfffff@@ЦЦд:Т ЦЦ:Evaluation Criteria for JI projects in Poland Information of Executive Office for the Climate Convention Broadly defined, JI projects could include any cooperative efforts of both a donor/investor and recipient party that result in a reduction of GHG emissions in comparison to an established baseline. (Note: In the pilot phase of AIJ, the established baseline has usually been the emissions level prior to the start of an investment.) While a wide variety of JI projects can be beneficial, Poland has adopted the position to restrict the categories of projects that will be endorsed by the national government as AIJ and JI projects to the following: Technology Transfer: Technological retrofits and financing for procurement of state-of-the-art equipment. Projects involving upgrades of currently used technologies and equipment, especially if the financial resources for procurement are available, will stand a good likelihood of being endorsed as JI projects. Projects including only technical assistance, education or training are valuable forms of foreign assistance but they will not be considered as JI projects. Direct GHG Emissions Reductions: Projects directly reducing or avoiding the generation of GHG emissions in the production of goods and services. For example, projects involving energy efficiency, fuel switching, renewable energy sources: landfill gas, biogas, biomass, wind, water, solar energy and carbon sequestration by planting trees will be eligible for consideration as JI projects. These are the two major criteria that will be used to select JI projects in Poland. It is essential that proposed projects meet these criteria in order to be considered for acceptance as JI. Additional criteria that Polish JI projects should meet are presented below. Evaluation criteria for JI projects in Poland have three objectives: Ensure that JI projects comply with the standards or guidelines adopted by the Conference of the Parties (COP). Ensure that JI projects are consistent with the National Environmental Policy of Poland, promote the principles of sustainable economic development with optimisation of natural resource allocation, and are beneficial in the long term to Poland. Ensure that public and private domestic financial resources devoted to the JI project are used as cost-effectively as possible. While it is possible that future negotiations on JI by Parties to the UNFCCC will lead to a set of evaluation criteria that would be acceptable to all parties, Poland will revised its criteria accordingly. Additional criteria proposed for evaluation of JI projects: 1) For any JI project, it must be possible to estimate ex ante the expected reductions in GHG emissions and monitor ex post the actual reductions in GHG emissions. Since the distinguishing feature of JI projects is their contribution to GHG emission reductions, it is critically important that these benefits can be predicted and monitored. The project proposer or sponsor should provide analysis of expected emission reduction and a project monitoring system to measure/calculate emission reductions after the project is implemented. 2) JI projects should not lead to increases in other local/regional environmental quality indicators at the expense of achieving reductions in GHG emissions. Where proposed JI projects might lead to increases in other negative environmental impacts (e.g. air pollution, waste water discharges, or waste disposal), appropriate mitigation measures should be incorporated into the JI project. 3) JI projects should directly or indirectly result in cost-effective realization of environmental goals. Where JI projects involve the installation of new capital equipment, they should also lead to a net reduction (or at least no increase) in the facility's costs of meeting current and anticipated environmental standards (e.g. resulting from harmonization with the European Union environmental directives and/or other international treaty commitments.) Thus, process changes and new technologies that prevent pollution are desirable. 4) JI projects should encourage the economic use of natural resource and reuse or recycling of waste materials. In effect, Poland develops national strategy for sustainable development that strives to meet certain goals for using its natural resources as efficiently as possible. 5) JI projects should be compatible with, and promote to the greatest extent possible, utilization of modern production processes. To compete in European and international markets, Poland needs to identify and implement the most effective technologies, while simultaneously improving or maintaining product quality. 6) JI projects should be sensitive to and compatible with macroeconomic policies at national and voivodship (county) levels and be, to the greatest extent possible, replicable. Where Poland is making a financial commitment in a JI project, total benefits and costs as well as distribution of those benefits and costs, should be taken into account. Both direct and indirect effects on employment and the viability of enterprises should be considered. 7) JI projects should only be undertaken by Polish enterprises that can reasonably be expected to be economically viable in the long term. In effect, to maximize the prospects for achieving and sustaining the GHG reductions, audit of the enterprise might be foreseen. Parties proposing JI projects in Poland are expected to prepare a statement to be submitted with project documents to the Secretariat JI. The statement should describe the extent to which their project satisfies all criteria. 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